There are many ways to teach students to summarize what they have read. Several effective instructional approaches are described below.
Discussion Webs This strategy offers a clear "point-counterpoint" visual framework for analyzing texts.
Group Summarizing This strategy helps students work together to preview a text before reading, locate supporting information and examples during reading, and summarize their ideas on a four-quadrant chart after reading. The charted information provides a structure to write the group summary. Quick Write This strategy will help students develop fluency and build the habit of reflection into a learning experience while allowing you to informally assess student thinking. Ask learners to free-write for 3-5 minutes in response to an open-ended prompt after reading a text. Teachers/tutors should always write with students.